A Non-Banking Financial Corporation (NBFC) is a company that makes loans and advances and buys stocks, equities, debt, and other assets issued by the government or a municipal government, as specified under the Companies Act of 2013 or 1956. The primary goal of this type of business is to receive deposits in any way or form possible. A Non-Banking Financial Corporation (NBFC) is described as a corporation that does the activities of a financial institution under Section 45-I (c) of the RBI Act. It is overseen by both the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the Reserve Bank of India.
Procedure of Registration of NBFCs
First formality is an incorporation of the applicant company under the Companies Act, 1956 or 2013, with Minimum
Net Owned Fund of INR 2 crore (Equity Share Capital & not Preference Share Capital).
Thereafter the applicant company needs to open a Bank Account and keep the entire sum of INR 2 crores in the bank’s deposit account, which should be free from all liens.
The applicant is then required to apply for registration online on RBI’s official COSMOS website.
Post submission of the form, CARN (Company Application Reference Number) is generated that is helpful in future references.
Subsequently, the hard copies of all the documents are required to be submitted to the concerned Regional Office of RBI.
The Regional Office shall scrutinize the authenticity of the documents and on being satisfied, shall forward it to the Central Office.
The Central Office of RBI grants the NBFC registration only after the fulfilment of all prescribed requirements by the company under section 45-IA, of its act of 1934.